In finance, a reporting requirement is an obligation placed on a publicly owned company to report key information to its shareholders, a stock exchange, a government agency or the general public.
Reporting requirements ensure that key information which may affect a company’s value is provided to its shareholders on a timely basis. The purpose of these requirements is to provide a level playing field for all shareholders and to prevent insider trading.
Depending on the jurisdiction in which a public company is domiciled and the exchanges on which its stock is listed, it may be required to provide current reports (typically within several days of a relevant event), quarterly reports and annual reports.
The executive management of public companies and shareholders who hold significant amounts of shares may also be required to report any purchases or sales of company stock.
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